The struggle for independence in India has been a huge example of courage, valour, and heroism. The tale of India’s struggle for freedom is fretful one that we heard of many times. We have also heard from our grandparents about how India used to be before freedom and how things have changed drastically at present.

The freedom movement is synonymous with the freedom fighters that were revolutionary in their approaches towards looking at independence. We remember and honour our freedom fighters as best as we can. But there are many unsung heroes, which we call ‘The Lost Jewels’ about whom most of us never heard before. CaratPearl Small Initiative to recall our unsung Heroes. The remembrance of our freedom struggle involves a lot of nostalgia romanticized and commemorated by country as best as possible. But there are few names which have been lost over years. Names, which do not enter the hyped, mainstream media, which are subaltern and marginalised. Let us dig into past to shovel our lost gems, the unsung heroes we probably know about.


1)Pingali Venkayya

He was a devout follower of Mahatma Gandhi and was also known as Diamond Venkayya for his knowledge on diamond mining. He was an authority in geology, agriculture and also an educationalist. His major contribution to the movement was the design of the national flag of India, which was first modified and adopted as the flag of Indian National Congress and later modified again to be the national flag of India.


2)Khudiram Bose

Khudiram Bose was all of 18 years of age when he was sentenced to death for attacking and killing three Britishers in Muzaffarpur, Bihar in 1908. 100 years later, Bose remains relatively unknown in spite of being one the youngest revolutionaries of the Indian freedom struggle.


3)Surya Sen

He lead the Chittagong Armory Raid to prove that an armed uprising against the mighty British was possible. In his leadership, a group of sixty-four other revolutionaries captured the Police Armory, destroyed the telephones and telegraph lines and dislocated the railway lines to and from Chittagong.


4)Durga Bai Deshmukh

This feisty woman led many Satyagraha movements and was a member of the Constituent Assembly of India and the Planning Commission of India. She played a prominent role in Indian freedom movement. She was placed in charge of the Khadi exhibition in 1923 when Indian National Congress held a meeting in her hometown of Rajahmundry, where she even forbade Jawaharlal Nehru from entering because he didn’t have a ticket.


5)Birsa Munda

He was born on a Thursday and therefore, named after it. Though he died at the young age of 25, he had some remarkable achievements in his short time. The most notable one being heading the Millenarian movement that inspired the tribal belt of modern day Bihar and Jharkhand to go against the British Raj in the late 19th century.


6)Begum Hazrat Mahal

She was one of the most pivotal rebellion characters during the 1857 Indian rebellion. She was the Begum of Awadh and her fight against the British East India Company was a remarkable one.


7)Bhikaji Cama

Although there are numerous roads and buildings named after her around the country, only few know who she was and what she did. Not only was she a part of the Indian Independence Movement, she was also a figure for gender equality. She donated most of her personal effects to an orphanage for girls. She also unfurled the Indian flag at the International Socialist Conference at Stuttgart in Germany, 1907.


8)The Trio: Binoy, Badal, Dinesh

The trio is mostly remembered together for their attack on the Dalhousie Square in Kolkata. Their full names are Badal Gupta, Dinesh Gupta and Benoy Basu and all of them hailed from Bengal.

BY JATIN GAUTAM CaratPearl – Content Writer